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Smoke Controlled Areas

Which Areas are Allowed to Burn Wood?

If you wish to use a wood-burning stove or fireplace in a smoke control zone you will need to use a smokeless fuel or a DEFRA approved appliance that is authorised for use in such areas. The information below gives a brief outline of the current legislation in place and options for exempt appliances and fuel sources along with links to sites where you can find out if you are within a Smoke Control Area.


There are a number of legislative acts that are in place to help deal with historical air pollution that was caused by the widespread burning of coal for domestic heating and by industry. The Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968 were introduced to deal with the poor air pollution of the 1950s and 1960s. The poor air condition was attributed to many premature deaths within the UK. The Clean Air Acts gave local authorities powers to control the emissions of dark smoke, grit, dust and fumes from industrial premises and to declare ‘smoke controlled areas’ in which the emissions from domestic properties are actually banned. Many towns and cities within the UK are now within smoke control areas.

Authorised Fuels

You are not permitted to burn fuel that produces smoke if you are within a Smoke Control Area, this applies to Stoves and Fireplaces. There is a vast array of fuels that are authorised for such use. This includes fuels that are smokeless by nature such as gas, electricity and anthracite alongside specific brands of manufactured smokeless fuels, which means that these particular fuels have passed tests to confirm they would not produce smoke when burned with an open fireplace or stove.

Click the Link to see a list of Authorised Fuels within your area.

Click the link to see the Locations of Smoke Control Zones.

If you are in any doubt then contact your local authority, they will be able to inform you if your property is within a controlled area.


Exempt Appliances

There are an increasing number of appliances that are exempt from this ruling. Stoves Are Us are pleased to be able to offer many of these to you. For a complete list of our stoves that comply to the regulations please click on the following link: DEFRA Approved Stoves

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